To assess delight, this new Personal Happiness Level (SHS) was used


The main one-dimensional survey contains four products rated to your an excellent eight-area Likert measure (range: 1–7; level accuracy: Cronbach’s leader = .82).

The fresh new Fulfillment that have Existence Measure (SWLS) was utilized to measure in the world existence pleasure . The 5 pieces of this option-dimensional survey have been ranked into a good 7-area Likert size (1 = firmly differ; 7 = highly agree; measure accuracy: Cronbach’s alpha = .92) .

Determine resilience, the one-dimensional Italian language Resilience Size eleven (RS-11) was utilized [56,57]. Participants ranked 11 situations on the good eight-area Likert measure (step one = disagree; eight = agree; scale precision: Cronbach’s alpha = .91).

Subjective educated or envisioned assistance in the social network try counted into one-dimensional Italian language Questionnaire Public Support (F-SozU K-14) comprising fourteen circumstances rated to the a 5-point Likert size (1 = incorrect; 5 = true; size accuracy: Cronbach’s alpha = .94).

Narcissism try mentioned with the thirteen push-alternatives format bits of the newest Narcissistic Identification Inventory 13 (NPI-13; size accuracy: Cronbach’s alpha = .82) .

The new character traits of your “Huge Five” had been assessed towards Larger Four Collection 10 (BFI-10) . The newest 10 things were ranked towards the an effective 5-section Likert measure (step 1 = differ firmly; 5 = consent firmly). Correspondingly, two factors belonged to just one of your five bills extraversion (size precision: Cronbach’s leader = .89), agreeableness (Cronbach’s alpha = .74), conscientiousness (Cronbach’s alpha = .82), neuroticism (Cronbach’s alpha = .86), and you can openness (Cronbach’s alpha = .79).

Determine the new participants’ mind-esteem, the Italian language kind of the brand new Solitary-Product Worry about-Respect Scale (SISE) was applied . People have been expected in order to rates into a good 5-point Likert level how much the latest report “I’ve high care about-admiration.” used on on their own (step one = cannot be entirely true of me personally; 5 = most evident out of me personally).

The fresh Depression Nervousness Worry Scales 21 (DASS-21) have been put on measure despair, stress and anxiety periods [62,63]. The entire questionnaire contained three reputable 7-product scales, that happen to be rated to the cuatro-area Likert balances (0 = did not apply to me personally at all; step three = used on myself a whole lot or oftentimes; size reliability: depression: Cronbach’s leader = .83, anxiety: Cronbach’s alpha = .78, stress: Cronbach’s leader = .87) [64,65].

Also, professionals was in fact inquired about the social media fool around with. Basic, Internet sites fool around with was measured (“How frequently do you use the internet general?”). In the next action, brand new SNSs fool around with try assessed (“How often can you explore social networking sites?”) The solution for inquiries received towards an effective eight-area Likert size (0 = never; 1 = lower than monthly; 2 = once or twice thirty day period; step 3 = regular; 4 = once or twice per week; 5 = once a day; six = more often than once a day). Up coming, users was indeed requested whether they become a member of your SNSs Myspace, Twitter, Instagram, Tumblr, Google+ and other platform (0 = no; step 1 = yes).

Statistical analyses

The latest Statistical Package towards Social Sciences (SPSS) adaptation 21 was utilized for everyone mathematical analyses [66,67]. Very first, the fresh a style of the fresh investigated personality traits and you may mental health variables was in fact compared anywhere between Fb users and you may Myspace non-users of the calculating multivariate analysis off difference (MANOVA). Following Steven’s recommendation not to explore more than 10 centered parameters in one single MANOVA, we conducted a couple of MANOVAs. The initial data integrated mind-esteem, narcissism additionally the “Large Five” characteristics. Since the Box’s take to is low-significant, i put Pillai’s shadow as a great multivariate try. Next studies incorporated the fresh mental health details lifetime pleasure, resilience, public service, contentment, despair, stress, and you can fret. Right here, Box’s attempt is actually high, hence, the fresh Hotelling’s shadow analytics were used. But not, all four multivariate evaluation demonstrated similar efficiency.

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